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ILFORD

Ilford Photo is a UK manufacturer of photographic materials best known for its black-and-white film, papers, and chemicals, and the discontinued line of Ilfochrome and Ilfocolor color printing materials.

Ilford Timeline

Source: ilfordphoto.com

The 1800’s

  • 1879 founded by Alfred Harman making Dry Plates
  • 1891 became the Britannia Works Company making 4 kinds of plates and 6 kinds of paper
  • 1897 sold by Alfred Harman who retired due to ill health
  • 1898 became known as The Britannia Works (1898) Limited
  • 1899 first Ilford Manual of Photography

1900 to 1940

  • 1902 changed the name to Ilford Limited
  • 1912 Ilford started to produce roll films
  • 1920 Selo Limited formed incorporating Ilford, Imperial, Gem, and Amalgamated Photographic Manufacturers
  • 1928 Mobberley (Rajar) factory purchased
  • 1932 infrared plates
  • 1935 cine film

The 1940’s

  • 1940 first Multigrade paper introduced (3 filters)
  • 1945 the Ilford works hit in the “London Blitz”
  • 1946 triacetate base production by Bexford Limited
  • 1948 Ilford entered the camera market with the “Witness”

The 1950’s

  • 1951 Australian Company formed
  • 1954 next version of Multigrade introduced (5 filters)
  • 1959 ICI took control

The 1960’s

  • 1960 first color neg film produced
  • 1960 Ilfoprint stabilization paper introduced
  • 1962 process paid color film with free contact strip
  • 1963 share acquisitions by Ciba Ag
  • 1966 the Monopolies Commission proposed restrictions on process paid-color film sales that forced reduced prices and reduced import duties on Kodak product
  • 1967
    • ICI and Ciba acquire all shares
    • Ilfobrom even spaced graded fiber-base paper introduced
  • 1968 FP4 film introduced
  • 1969 Ciba became sole owners

The 1970’s

  • 1970 first Queens Award to Industry
  • 1974 Ilfospeed System introduced
  • 1976
    • HP5 film launched
    • Ilford site closed and HQ moved to Basildon
  • 1978 much improved new Multigrade papers introduced (11 filters)

The 1980’s

  • 1980 worlds first chromogenic film introduced – XP1
  • 1983 Ilford HQ moved to Mobberley, Cheshire
  • 1986 Multigrade made available in fibre-base paper
  • 1989
    • sold to International Paper Corporation of America
    • HP5 Plus film introduced

The 1990’s

  • 1990 FP4 Plus film introduced
  • 1990 first Delta film introduced based on core-shell crystal technology
  • 1991 XP2 Single Use Camera replaces XP1
  • 1992
  • 1994
    • improved Delta Professional films
    • improved Multigrade IV RC printing paper
  • 1996 UK Sales & Admin moved from London to Mobberley
  • 1997
    • MULTIGRADE IV RC PORTFOLIO introduced
    • Multigrade Warmtone FB introduced
  • 1998
    • acquisition of the company by Doughty Hanson
    • Delta 3200 added to the range
    •  introduced third-generation chromogenic film – XP2 Super
    • Multigrade Warmtone RC added
  • 1999 Multigrade Cooltone RC added

2005 to today

  • 2005
    • management buy out – HARMAN technology Limited trading as ILFORD PHOTO based at Mobberley, Cheshire, England.
    • new Cooltone and Warmtone Developers introduced
  • 2007 HARMAN technology Limited acquires Kentmere Photographic Limited
  • 2010 HARMAN Direct Positive Papers introduced
  • 2011
    • ILFORD MULTIGRADE Art 300 paper launched.
    • HARMAN HOLO FX holographic plates introduced
    • HARMAN TiTAN 4×5 Pinhole Camera and ILFORD Pinhole Photography Kit introduced
  • 2012
  • 2013
    • HARMAN TiTAN 8×10 Pinhole Camera introduced
    • Obscura by ILFORD 4×5 Pinhole Camera introduced
  • 2015 HARMAN technology/ILFORD PHOTO purchased by Pemberstone Ventures Ltd.
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